An emotional response to a terrible event
Trauma can be defined as an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape, or natural disaster. This event can be overwhelming to a person emotionally or physically.
The traumatization by an event happens if the person is unable to regulate and or bring their body and mind back into a balanced state once the event has passed. Trauma can include anything from one’s life experiences that remain unresolved or trapped. These start to cause a disturbance physiologically, emotionally biologically mental or behaviourally.
When working with clients who have trauma, we have to understand the physiological response to threat and how trauma manifests in the body. The mind is a vital part of working with trauma symptoms in yourself and to identify them in others.
There is usually a fight/ flight or freeze response.
Shock trauma can be defined as an unexpecting horrifying event that was to much for the nervous system to assimilate.
Development trauma can be defined as an ongoing misattunement of the child with a primary caregiver or primary parent. Such as a lack of mirroring, response, neglect, abuse. An unhealthy attachment is formed.
Signs and symptoms of trauma
Shock and denial Flashbacks
Nightmares Mood swings easily started
Visual images of the event Social isolation and withdrawal
Avoidance of or places that trigger the event Edginess
Loss of memory and concentration abilities Insomnia
Disorientation Sexual dysfunction
Confusion Easily distracted
Lack of interest in physical activities Tremendous fatigue and exhaustion
Changes in sleep and eating patterns Depression, guilt and shame
Vague complaints of body pains and aches Extreme alertness, always on guard
Overwhelming fear Obsessive compulsive behaviour
Detachment from people and emotions Emotional numbness
Emotional shock, disbelief Irritability, anger, anxiety
Panic attacks Strained relationships
Physical symptoms nausea and vomiting
It is important to contact a professional so that you can have your trauma response assessed.
The professional can also help you heal from the traumatic event.